This rare Zitan wood was used to make furniture in China as early as the third century. 30⅛ in (76.5 cm) high, 35¼ in (89.5 cm) wide, 11¼ in (28.6 cm) deep.Sold for $667,500 on 16 March 2017 at Christie’s in New York The Japanese, clever ppl, invented a special finish to seal the wood. [11] Pterocarpus santalinus is a light-demanding small tree, growing to 8 metres (26 ft) tall with a trunk 50–150 cm diameter. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. Kerala, India, Pterocarpus santalinus (Red Sandal) New Shoots Pink Colour. Zitan was a term used by ancient Chinese to describe mysterious import red/purple wood imported from India during Ming dynasty. The mystique surrounding Zitan has—very unfortunately—reached an atrocious level. The fruit is a pod 6–9 cm long containing one or two seeds.[4][5]. I actually tried browsing for some. Grain/Texture: Grain is generally straight or slightly interlocked. Shame it’s so rare, as it seems like a beautiful wood. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Pterocarpus santalinus was listed as an Endangered species by the IUCN, because of overexploitation for its timber in South India; however, it was later reclassified to Near Threatened in 2018, as the scale of this loss is not properly known. [6], Red sandalwood has been used for making the bridge and also the neck of the Japanese musical instrument Shamisen. The tree is not to be confused with the aromatic Santalum sandalwood trees that grow natively in South India. CHINESE ZITAN WOOD END TABLEDimension:23 5/8 x 18 1/2 x 32 5/8 inches(60 x 47 x 83 cm). When the wood become aged, the film mixed with oil/gum escaped from the wood, to make a Zitan-ish looking. The wood is written about in ancient China as being worth as much as gold. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. It is not frost tolerant, being killed by temperatures of −1 °C. The wood is blackish-purple to blackish-red in color, and its fibers are laden with deep red pigments which have been used for dye since ancient times. As ancient Chinese carpenters had never got a chance see the living trees, the term Zitan was not fixed to certain species. The wood has historically been valued in China, particularly during the Qing Dynasty periods, and is referred to in Chinese as zitan (紫檀) and spelt tzu-t'an by earlier western authors such as Gustav Ecke, who introduced classical Chinese hardwood furniture to the west. Gorgeous Antique Chinese Zitan Lotus Side Table 29.5 inches. I would have to pay hundreds for an auction piece and butcher it. Pale white sapwood is narrow, and is clearly demarcated from the heartwood. [6] An exquisite chair made of red sandalwood can be seen today in China's Forbidden City in Beijing, inside the Hall of Supreme Harmony, and once used by the emperors of the Qing Dynasty. Oct 25, 2019 - Explore J. D. Moy's board "Zitan", followed by 171 people on Pinterest. Prices for the wood are so high within China, illegal smugglers are willing to take up arms and kill or be killed in attempts to obtain this wood. late 18th early 19th c antique chinese carved zitan wood vase stand click images to enlarge. i have what i believe to be a Zitan cabinet that is about 6 feet tall Zitan wood is so dense that it sinks. Despite tight trading restrictions, the wood continues to be illegally smuggled into China. Common Name(s): Zitan, Red Sandalwood, Red Sanders, Tree Size: 30-50 ft (9-15 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 63 lbs/ft3 (1,010 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .88, 1.01. It is the most prized and valuable wood used in Ming and Ching Dynasty furniture, although very few Zitan wood pieces exist from the Ming Dynasty, except in museum collections. The wood has historically been valued in China, particularly during the Qing Dynasty periods, and is referred to in Chinese as zitan (紫檀) and spelt tzu-t'an by earlier western authors such as Gustav Ecke, who introduced classical Chinese hardwood furniture to the west. With a medium uniform texture and high natural luster. 2 (2015): 5—reported of plantation trees that had grown to over 80 feet tall (25 m) with massive 23 inch (57 cm) trunk diameters in just 45 years. However, because Zitan trees take so long to grow, Huanghuali furniture was much more common, though still in scarce supply. It's not lacquer but a layer of absorbent film on the wood. [12], Pterocarpus santalinus (Red Sandal) Leaves. Colors tend to darken significantly over time to deep reddish purple to nearly black. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? An exquisite chair made of red sandalwood can be seen today in China's Forbidden City in Beijing, inside the Hall of Supreme Harmony, and once used by the emperors of the Qing Dynasty. Pricing/Availability: Imported and used almost exclusively within China, where it commands absolutely exorbitant prices: demand for Zitan puts it into an entirely separate price tier than even the most precious hardwoods sold throughout the Western world. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; solitary and radial multiples; large to very large pores in no specific arrangement, very few; orangish brown deposits occasionally present; parenchyma winged, confluent, and banded; narrow rays, spacing fairly close to close. Pterocarpus santalinus, with the common names red sanders, red saunders, red sandalwood, Rakt Chandan, and saunderswood, is a species of Pterocarpus endemic to the southern Eastern Ghats mountain range of South India. Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Zitan has been reported as an irritant; most common reactions simply include eye irritation, as well as vomiting. Antique Rose Wood George Zee & Co.Importer Huanghuali Style Table 4 Chairs . The Chinese term huanghuali literally means "yellow flowering pear" wood. CHINESE ZITAN WOOD BURNER AND ZITAN WOOD STAND View Catalog Sold: $500 Estimate: $500 - $600 March 17, 2019 Framingham, MA, US Request more information Additional Details. Sustainability: This wood species is in CITES Appendix II, and is on the IUCN Red List. Kerala, India, Pterocarpus santalinus (Red Sandal) at North coastal Andhra. Gorgeous Chinese Hand made Zitan Wood Painting table 67.5 inches. Sometimes seen with a wavy, interlocked grain figure. The leaves are alternate, 3–9 cm long, trifoliate with three leaflets. It is fast-growing when young, reaching 5 metres (16 ft) tall in three years, even on degraded soils. Plantation sources are currently in development, but buyers should be aware of counterfeit Zitan—typically found in the form of other Pterocarpus species or a Dalbergia species (such as Bois de Rose). description. It has a fragrant scent when worked. The mystique surrounding Zitan has—very unfortunately—reached an atrocious level. Scans/Pictures: There are currently no pictures of this exact wood species, but a similar species is being substituted (Dalbergia maritima). Item was passed Zitan is an extremely dense wood which sinks in water. Lumber pieces with the wavy grain margin are graded as "A" grade. What makes you think that it is Zitan? See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. See more ideas about Chinese furniture, China furniture, Antique chinese furniture. The other form of zitan is from the species Dalbergia luovelii, Dalbergia maritima, and Dalbergia normandi, all similar species named in trade as bois de rose or violet rosewood which when cut are bright crimson purple changing to dark purple again. carved from a single section of zitan wood or similar it has a beautiful colour which comes with age. Odor: Have a distinct, pleasing odor when being worked. the one I’ve got is etremely hard, nothing like oak, It was vibrating when trying to plane it, was jumping from the planer, toughest wood I’ve seen , extremely heavy also, endgrain is very porous looking, splintering a lot and splinters are very sharp and hard. R.H. Beddome reports in his 1869 Flora Sylvatica for South India that a 5-year old tree had already grown to a size of over 18 feet high (5.6 m) with a 9 inch (23 cm) diameter trunk. $8,500.00.