You shall not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the LORD.  He shall lend to you, and you shall not lend to him: he shall be the head, and you shall be the tail. Christianity didn’t emerge from a vacuum. And the author of Hebrews writes, “For if we go on sinning deliberately after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, but a fearful expectation of judgment, and a fury of fire that will consume the adversaries” (Heb. American King James Version×). This series will show…  Because you served not the LORD your God with joyfulness, and with gladness of heart, for the abundance of all things; the New Testament), then why do we have, or even need the Old Testament?” It’s important to note here that, while the age of the old covenant has come to an end (Rom.  You shall betroth a wife, and another man shall lie with her: you shall build an house, and you shall not dwell therein: you shall plant a vineyard, and shall not gather the grapes thereof.  In the morning you shall say, Would God it were even! Jesus’s Only Bible: 7 Tips for Preaching the Old Testament, 3 Books for Staying ‘Hitched’ to the Old Testament, Genesis: History, Fiction, or Neither? 1:1–3, 16). • It reveals that there would be a new covenant under which God would give people the gift of His Spirit, which would remove our heart of stone and replace it with a heart that would love and obey God (Jeremiah 31:31-34 Jeremiah 31:31-34  Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: Further, in the NT, Jesus speaks about hell more than anyone else. Where should we go to know what Paul means by “psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs” (Eph.  So that you shall be mad for the sight of your eyes which you shall see. The Old Testament Prophesied Jesus and is Fulfilled in Him Another reason for the importance of the Old Testament is its prophecy of a coming Messiah. The New Testament is built on the foundation of the Old. While we now have the NT, we can, and indeed must, appropriate the OT like Jesus and his apostles did for the good of God’s church.  And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and you shall keep my judgments, and do them. Further, some doctrines of Scripture are best understood only from the OT. or the son of man that you visit him? The Old Testament forms a backdrop against which we can understand the New Testament. • It reveals the plan of God—that there would be a Savior who would pay the death penalty for your sins and my sins; that this Savior, the Messiah, would establish the Kingdom of God on earth; and that there would be a resurrection of the dead to eternal life (Isaiah 53; Daniel 2:44 Daniel 2:44And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.American King James Version×; 7:27; 12:2-3; Job 14:14-15 Job 14:14-15  If a man die, shall he live again? By the end of the Law (Genesis–Deuteronomy), the Bible has already described or alluded to all five of the major covenants that guide Scripture’s plot structure (Adamic-Noahic, Abrahamic, Mosaic, Davidic, and new). 30:6). 7:12), points to the excellencies of Christ, and portrays for us the scope of love in all its facets (Matt. 2:2).  The stranger that is within you shall get up above you very high; and you shall come down very low. Unbeknown to many, in the Bible, there is no cut-off between the Old Testament and the New. 22:37–40).  The LORD shall make the rain of your land powder and dust: from heaven shall it come down on you, until you be destroyed. Yet they would not give ear. On the other hand, if an individual or a nation repents of sin and asks God for forgiveness, He is ready and willing to forgive (Deuteronomy 28:15-68 Deuteronomy 28:15-68  But it shall come to pass, if you will not listen to the voice of the LORD your God, to observe to do all his commandments and his statutes which I command you this day; that all these curses shall come on you, and overtake you: The gospel is the good news that through Jesus––the divine, crucified, and resurrected Messiah––God reigns over all and saves and satisfies believing sinners. American King James Version×). Moses also said that those enjoying this divine work in this future day would “obey the voice of the LORD and keep all his commandments that I command you today” (30:8). Both the Old and New Testaments make up the Word of God. Now, you may ask, “But isn’t the OT’s God one of wrath and burden, whereas the God of the NT is about grace and freedom?” Let’s consider some texts, first from the OT and then from the New. What is important is to recognize that we meet the same God in the OT as we do in the New. • It reveals that sin brings suffering—that when we sin, there is a penalty. 6:2–3; 1 Tim. American King James Version×; 86:5; 100:1-5).  Also every sickness, and every plague, which is not written in the book of this law, them will the LORD bring on you, until you be destroyed.  And you shall grope at noonday, as the blind gropes in darkness, and you shall not prosper in your ways: and you shall be only oppressed and spoiled ever more, and no man shall save you.  The LORD shall send on you cursing, vexation, and rebuke, in all that you set your hand to for to do, until you be destroyed, and until you perish quickly; because of the wickedness of your doings, whereby you have forsaken me. Within the old covenant, love was what the Lord called Israel to do (Deut. In fact, it was his first special revelation, which set a foundation for the fulfillment we find in Jesus in the New Testament (NT).  And your heaven that is over your head shall be brass, and the earth that is under you shall be iron. T he Old Testament is absolutely essential to having a true understanding of the Bible and God’s unfolding of the greatest love story of all time. Accordingly, the apostle emphasized to Timothy, who was raised on the OT by his Jewish mother and grandmother (Acts 16:1; 2 Tim. The Old Covenant Is Over. The Ten Commandments, and the statutes and judgments based on those commandments, show us how to live God's way of love. Accordingly, the OT narrative builds anticipation for a better king, a blessed people, and a broader land.