You use"nicht" with a verb or an adjective for example: in this case the nicht refers to the verb. 2. Nicht is the English equivalent of "not". Please note that though ein has no plural, kein does and follows the standard case declension pattern. Not op, but a German 3 student wondering why it is 'niemanden' instead of 'niemand' for anybody? Even people who don't study German know that Nein means no in German. I’m trying to explain this by example: 1. Could someone help? You can use "Kein" variations with substantive: You use kein in a noun phrase and nicht for everything that isn't a noun. If you’re negating the entire idea of the sentence, or the verb itself, then nicht should go as far toward the end as possible. https://deutsch.lingolia.com/en/grammar/sentence-structure/negation The position of nicht is not always so clear-cut. But when and how to use which one can be a tiny bit confusing, as they work a little differently than their English counterparts. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. The word kein is in fact k + ein and is positioned where the indefinite article would be. Kein, on the other hand, can have different nuances depending on the sentence: no, not any, not a, none, no one, nobody. Worksheet used in teaching German to undergraduates. The German adverb nicht and adjective kein can be used to negate a sentence as well. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, Press J to jump to the feed. The rules for applying kein and nicht are actually quite simple. Even if you know that Nein is the word that is used to say no in German, you might be puzzled to see an adverb Nicht and an adjective Kein being used in German, to express negation. When nicht and kein negate only a clause, then usually the second clause that follows will begin with the conjunction sondern. Ingrid Bauer, who is fluent in German, has been teaching and tutoring the German language since 1996. English: “I have no car” German: “Ich habe kein Auto” In this case “kein” means “no” in terms of the amount of zero. As a rule of thumb, if in English there's a quantifier (such as any or no or a) involved then you don't say nicht and instead use kein(e), nichts, niemand etc. An adverb/adverbial phrase is to be negated. in German studies. (really!) Perhaps the most common words used in German negation are nicht (not) and kein (no, none). The noun to be negated has a possessive pronoun. German is a godsend in it use of ‘kein’ and its various forms. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts Understanding and Using German Conjunctions, German Adjective Endings: Nominative, Accusative, and Dative Cases, German for Travelers: The Basic Travel Phrasebook, The German Word 'ihr' Is an Article and a Pronoun, Learning German "Give and Take" - "Geben, Nehmen", German Verbs: How to Recognize the German Subjunctive I, II, German Modal Verbs: Conjugation of Muessen, Sollen, Wollen, How to Apologize and Say "I'm Sorry" in German, Learning Adjective and Color Endings in German. Cookies help us deliver our Services. It translates from English as ‘no’, ‘not a’, and ‘not any’. Kein, on the other hand, can have different nuances depending on the sentence: no, not any, not a, none, no one, nobody. The rules for applying kein and nicht are actually quite simple. The German adverb nicht and adjective kein can be used to negate a sentence as well. (really!) They are as follows: The noun to be negated has a definite article. Kein vs Nicht . I am learning German on Duolingo and it hasn't explained why you use nicht as "no" or "not" in some cases and why you should use keine / kein … Press J to jump to the feed. Or more generally speaking, use "kein" when something is rather undetermined (uncountable nouns, indefinite article) and "nicht" for more determined things (definite article, possessive pronouns). Nicht is the English equivalent of "not". Learning German can be a difficult task for English speaking people. Wir trinken keinen Wein. By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. "Kein"/"nicht" does not imply any difference in terms of length of time. But of course that's only the beginning to German negation. the difference between keine/kein and nicht is very simple. The noun to be negated has an indefinite article. I am learning German on Duolingo and it hasn't explained why you use nicht as "no" or "not" in some cases and why you should use keine / kein in other cases. 1. However, generally speaking, nicht will precede adjectives, adverbs and either precede or follow verbs depending on its type. Nicht vs. Kein . She has a teaching degree and an M.A.