The New Testament is written in Greek; nearly all the Old Testament is written in Hebrew, while the Greek translation of the Old Testament (the LXX) is significant to biblical studies. The extremely commonly accepted belief is that the new testament was written completely in Greek. It was not originally Greek as… The name Peshitta in Aramaic means "Straight", in other words, the original and pure (the standard) New Testament. One asks about Aramaic Primacy of the New Testament as a whole, whilst this question asks if any of it was written in Aramaic. – Steve Taylor ♦ Mar 7 '17 at 10:44 @SteveTaylor - You might be right, but if the accepted answer, over there, was copy & pasted over here, it would likely be valid. The New Covenant's original language was neither Greek nor Aramaic, as popular wisdom goes, but Hebrew, the same Hebrew language as the Tanakh, the "Old Testament", was written in. It has been argued by scholars that the earliest written book of the New Testament is either Galatians or 1 Thessalonians, around AD 50. If one of these books had been written in AD 40, then it is likely that they may have had an original Aramaic version, but this is not the case. The original New Testament, certainly by far for the most part, was originally written in Aramaic and or Hebrew. If you but read the first 20 pages of this 400+ page writing, you should be fairly convinced to at least realize the subject deserves more research on your part. The Aramaic Primacy Theory is drastically different from the consensus of historians and New Testament scholars, who hold that the original works of the New Testament were in fact written in Greek. The Peshitta is the only authentic and pure text which contains the books in the New Testament that were written in Aramaic, the Language of … The significance of this for the New Testament is as follows: the Greek of the New Testament was written by men whose native language was Aramaic, a Semitic language. The Old Testament is written in Hebrew, and a few passages [1] in Aramaic. Yet 268 verses of the… They wrote the New Testament material in Greek, an Indo-European language. The Old Testament covers the ± 4000 years before Jesus Christ was born as a human baby, the New Testament was written after His coming (see timeline). Aramaic has been in some ways a forgotten language in biblical studies, except at a very high academic level. The basic reason why Greek was chosen for the New Testament instead of Aramaic or Hebrew was that the writers wished to reach a broad, Gentile (non-Israelite) audience, not just a Jewish audience.The spoken tongue used by both the disciples and Christ was highly likely Aramaic, even though such a Semitic language was not the original one used by the Jews.