Download Outliers: The Story of Success Study Guide. Instant downloads of all 1377 LitChart PDFs (including Outliers). If they didn't take that opportunity, they But, he argues, innate talent will never become expertise without practice—lots of practice. Gladwell launches into a discussion about the existence and nature of “innate talent”—the aptitude, intelligence, and capability we are essentially born with. Many of the most well-known names in software development (Including. 5. The opportunities and lucky breaks add up in Bill Joy’s case. And 10,000 of practice alone won’t guarantee success, of course: one also needs the support and resources to be able to spend 10,000 free hours practicing. Now that we are more well-versed in Gladwell’s argument about success, we should recognize that Bill Joy’s success was not based merely on talent: he attended one of the most advanced computing schools in the world to study biology or mathematics, and only happened to stumble upon computing by chance. The story of the Beatles’ rise to fame and success doesn’t usually include the fact that they played strip clubs in Hamburg. It was because they had the opportunity for time to practice! Chapter 2: the 10,000-Hour Rule (cont.) Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Outsiders and what it means. To become an expert, you need parents who support you and encourage you, and enough money so that you don’t have to work for a living in your spare time. "My students can't get enough of your charts and their results have gone through the roof." Intro Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Eplg Themes All Themes Success and Failure Talent, Opportunity, Work, and Luck Timing and Historical Context Privilege, Heritage, and Cultural Background Solutions and Implications for the Future ... Outliers Summary … And this holds true even for those select few we consider “prodigies.” By the time Mozart composed his first masterwork he was 21. There is no doubt that Bill Joy was brilliant and talented, but Gladwell makes it clear that good fortune and arbitrary chance also played a role in his success—after all, he didn’t even intend to study computer science! Gladwell makes another point about the importance of timing. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. But we rarely think of success as wholly dependent on having the opportunity and means to practice—Gladwell aims to uncover these often overlooked factors that contribute to success. More broadly, timing is a key factor in every success story. This is a deeply compelling argument for the importance of timing when it comes to success. As with so many other outliers, chance opportunity and thousands of hours of practice set the Beatles apart and put them on a course to achieve tremendous success. Chapter Summary for Malcolm Gladwell's Outliers: The Story of Success, part 1 chapter 2 summary. -Graham S. It turns out that if Bill Joy had gone to school before the time sharing revolution had taken place, it would have been impossible for him to put in the hours of practice required to become a computer programming expert. Gladwell concedes that innate talent exists, and that Joy probably had buckets of it. The more capable individuals were always the individuals who practiced the most. Outliers study guide contains a biography of Malcolm Gladwell, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. • A summary of Part X (Section1) in S. E. Hinton's The Outsiders. Gladwell says that research has even settled on the “magic number” of hours it takes to achieve expertise: it is 10,000 hours. Gladwell wonders if the ten thousand hour rule applies across cultures and disciplines. Choose from 500 different sets of outliers chapter 2 flashcards on Quizlet. encouraging someone to cheat on a quiz so they can get a good grade but not warning them about the consequences if … That opportunity was Hamburg. A summary of Part X (Section1) in S. E. Hinton's The Outsiders. The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. Gladwell turns to the life and career of. Summary. He decides to take two (very famous) examples: Gladwell’s decision to investigate the stories of Bill Gates and the Beatles is an important one. Chapter 2 - The 10,000 Hour Rule All great success stories have similarities, and one of them is that successful individuals spend a lot of time practicing and working on their craft. By Gladwell’s calculation, Bill Gates succeeded because no less than nine extraordinarily rare opportunities presented themselves to him, and all of these were opportunities to practice. (including. They're like having in-class notes for every discussion!”, “This is absolutely THE best teacher resource I have ever purchased. Gladwell wraps up this chapter by pointing out that perhaps the greatest lucky break of all in the cases of Gates and Joy is perhaps a factor totally out of their control: their birth date. Chapter 2 Summary Chapter 3 Summary ... Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this Outliers: The Story of Success study guide. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Find a summary of this and each chapter of Outliers: The Story of Success! Gladwell employs research to back up his arguments because his claim that success derives in part from an extreme number of dedicated hours of practice flies in the face of the traditional concept of success: that it comes from talent and “hard work” alone. 2. LitCharts Teacher Editions. That student was Bill Joy, who programmed at the Center in the early 1970s. 4. By the time Gates started his own software company (after dropping out of Harvard), “he was. Find summaries for every chapter, including a Outliers: The Story of Success Chapter Summary Chart to help you understand the book. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. After he happens to stumble across a time-sharing computer system, he figures out that he can finagle a way to work without having to pay for time—otherwise the cost of 10,000 hours of work would have been prohibitive. We know intuitively that successful athletes and chess players and violinists have worked hard and practiced a lot. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. He refers to studies that examined the practicing habits of expert and amateur musicians and chess players. He had been composing concertos for ten years by this time. • Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Joy comes to the University of Michigan as a teenager in 1971 and finds his way to the new computing center that opens there the same year. Gladwell opens this chapter with the story of the famous computer scientist. Our, LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in, Privilege, Heritage, and Cultural Background, Solutions and Implications for the Future, 1. Chapter 2 is called "The 10,000-Hour Rule", which refers to the claim that to become expert at anything a person must spend 10,000 hours at it. Gladwell hammers home the most important part of his argument: arbitrary instances of luck are not incidental in success stories: they are in fact essential to success. LitCharts Teacher Editions. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Gladwell focuses on the nine Gates’s nine opportunities to drive home his point that even the most phenomenal success story ever (Gates remains the richest man on earth to this day) arose from a confluence of various factors, and not just from pure talent or genius. From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. He isn’t simply exploiting the chance to invoke familiar public figures—he wants to challenge culturally dominant ideas about success and how it works by using two success stories almost everyone knows. This most arbitrary of advantages was essential to his success. Learn outliers chapter 2 with free interactive flashcards. Only extraordinary opportunity gives a person the ability to become an expert. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our. He manages to secure an internship with a tech company and even spent a semester away from school, honing his programming skills. On page 55, Gladwell stacks the deck as he talks about the Beatles, Bill Joy, and Bill Gates as the only examples of the path of success. But, as Gladwell points out, their stint in these clubs was actually an extraordinary opportunity for practice. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Now that we are more well-versed in Gladwell’s argument about success, we should recognize that Bill Joy’s success was not based merely on talent: he attended one of the most advanced computing schools in the world to study biology or mathematics, and only happened to stumble upon computing by chance.