1) Plant your seedling in fertile well-drained soil. The giant sequoia needs clean soil that drains well. Full sun is best, but partial sun will do. Leaf litter and other debris can be a hiding place for slugs and damaging pests. Wintertime damage is done by wintertime dehydration from cold dry winds. She has served as the co-editor for "Kansas Women: Focus on Health." This tree is striking in its majesty and size. The cold dry wind is. As the sequoias mature they become sappier and less vulnerable to freeze-drying. When there is a high water table there is a chance that the soil is not flushing clean. The giant sequoia grows to a height of 60–200' and a spread of 25–35' at maturity. The most cost effective way to fertilize your soil depends on your climate and soil type. We have a warm season blend and a cool season blend. Vegetable plants generally need to be planted in the spring because they only live for one growing season. Here at the 5,000 foot elevation of the central Sierra Nevada Mountains of California we use a blend of fertilizers that we created from knowledge gained by trial and error over many years. I have not seen any real difference in the success rate of trees planted in any particular season. The General Grant Tree is nearly 41 feet in diameter. Once they are buried deep in snow there will be no maintenance needed until the snow melts in the spring. Mix this in with your garden shovel until thoroughly combined with the existing soil. Once the feeder roots are removed the tree will slowly dehydrate until it is dead or nearly so. The first step as you can guess is to get some seeds. That is not likely. Remove the dead wood from the failing trees by making cuts close to the trunk with sharp pruning shears. These big trees, native to California, thrive in moist, well-drained soils. Step 1: Get Some Giant Sequoia Seeds. The root ball must stay intact upon removal to prevent damage to the root system. There will be no sap dripping next summer if you can get enough water to it in the spring and early summer but it will still take a few years to completely heal over the damaged tissue and return to normal growth. We expect 4 feet of upward growth in the third year for trees in large pots and one-inch plus growth rings. A cold frame allows freezing temperatures but does not allow freeze drying winds and deep freeze temperatures. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! 2) To remove the seedling from the container tube simply invert the seedling and tap it out by gently striking the edge of the container on a table edge or other hard surface. At that rate you could expect the tree to have a trunk diameter of 20 inches in its 10th year, 60 inches in its 30thyear, 100 inches in its 50th year, and 200 inches in its 100th year. The wintertime discoloration produces colors that are yet to be named by whoever names colors. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, redwood forrest hiking path image by Richard J Thompson from, Giant Sequoia: Giant Sequoias in the Landscape Garden, Oregon State University: Selecting, Planting, and Caring for a New Tree. Giant sequoias are voracious feeders and the fastest growing conifer on earth when given fertile loose soil and consistent moisture. Grow Your Own Giant Sequoia Tree. In one human life the giant sequoia is able to reach a girth of 4 to 5 m (13 to 16 ft). Failure to keep the soil moist results in a dead tree. Choose a sunny site for your sequoia tree. Make the hole about 2 feet larger than the width of the rootball. The process of removing the soil will also remove the feeder roots. The trees will be insulated from cold drying winds and be unable to dehydrate under the snow. The distance between newly planted sequoias depends on what you are trying to achieve. She continues to empower and encourage women everywhere by promoting health, career growth and business management skills. Zones refer to climate. We recommend Giant Sequoia Plant Food for sequoias planted in the ground and Giant Sequoia Bonsai Plant food for potted giant sequoias. Remove any damaged and dead lower branches by cutting them close to the trunk of the tree. The preferred soil for the giant sequoia is loose, rich, pH balanced, well drained, and moist. If you were to attempt to remove the trees from the pots prematurely the root balls might crumble and the tender roots would crumble away as well damaging the tree. Do not break or disturb the roots any more than what may occur during removal from the containers. Extreme environments like low desert and far north present challenges for the sequoias. During the spring the sequoias attempt to build in a new layer of “skin” under the surface of the old skin of the branches and the upper trunk. The discoloration does not harm the trees it simply brings out a pigment that is already present. These fertilizers are available at http://www.giant-sequoia.com/sites/giantsequoia/cart/plant-food. Sequoia trees (Sequoiadendron giganteum) grow to approximately 300 feet. Pour about 2 gallons of this mixture into the basin every two weeks during the growing season. In cold winter climates the cold frame is most effective when sunken into the soil to a depth near the winter frost line in the soil. 4) For best results keep your soil fertile. We have found that adequate water in the soil will help to reduce the burgundy discoloration phenomenon. The lid should be removable so that during times of moderate temperatures it can be removed to allow for fresh air ventilation and sunlight. Sequoias require moist, rich, balanced ph, and well-drained soil. Water your young sequoia trees regularly. Our container grown trees can be planted any time of year as long as the ground is not frozen or muddy. Also known as sierra redwood trees, sequoias make useful trees in windbreaks and screens. A cold frame is a structure that prevents damage to trees that may be sensitive to extreme cold or winter winds. Once they reach full sun they begin to grow a thick trunk, dense foliage, and rapidly put on weight. Tamp down the area over the roots of the trees to remove any remaining air pockets. Keep it in a cool area that … These roots snap off with the slightest touch. The giant sequoia is the fastest growing conifer on earth given the right conditions. Store your trees upright in the containers that they come in until the ground is ready for planting. Screening for Privacy with Giant Sequoias, Growth Rings from a Domestic Giant Sequoia Stump, Wintertime Discoloration of Giant Sequoia Seedling, http://www.giant-sequoia.com/about-sequoia-trees/wintertime-discolration-of-the-young-giant-sequoias/, http://www.giant-sequoia.com/sites/giantsequoia/cart/plant-food. If you are attempting to grow specimen giants, 30 to 60 feet apart would be more appropriate. Prepare the soil in your selected spot to create a healthy environment for your young trees. Trees less than one year old are most often affected. You will most likely have to hand water to get them rooted down to permanent moisture. After a few days of above freezing temperatures and moist roots the trees can be set back out. Most of them are in the national parks of the states of California and Oregon. A heated indoors is not a beneficial environment for long-term maintenance of giant sequoias.