God controls our darkest days. 38:10; Matt. To the contrary, τὸ τέλος Justin Taylor is executive vice president for book publishing and publisher for books at Crossway. 16:21; [ch. 9:13; 107:18; [Isa. ceasing to question God’s ways with him, and submitting to God’s unthwartable sovereignty (40:4-5; 42:1-6). What Do We Do with Our Imperfect Worship? 3. Affiliate disclosure: As an Amazon Associate, we may earn commissions from qualifying purchases on Amazon.com. (We recently wrapped up a study on the Book of Job at Community Bible Church. 16 “Have you (R)entered into the springs of the sea, or walked in the recesses of the deep?17 Have (S)the gates of death been revealed to you, or have you seen the gates of (T)deep darkness?18 Have you comprehended the expanse of the earth? So an effect of God’s piercing questions is that Job repents by humbling himself before God as insignificant, It is as though he senses the approach of God in this storm and brings his words to a close. 30:4; Isa. 8:24-29, Ps. A second discourse begins with another challenge for Job to answer God's questions. Copyright © 2020 The Gospel Coalition, INC. All Rights Reserved. 34 “Can you lift up your voice to the clouds, that (AM)a flood of waters may cover you?35 Can you send forth lightnings, that they may go and say to you, ‘Here we are’?36 Who has (AN)put wisdom in (AO)the inward parts[c] or given understanding to the mind? The one argument which is developed in the remaining chapters is drawn from man's ignorance. Instead, he repents. 22 “Have you entered (W)the storehouses of the snow, or have you seen (X)the storehouses of the hail,23 which I have reserved (Y)for the time of trouble, (Z)for the day of battle and war?24 What is the way to the place where the light is distributed, or where the east wind is scattered upon the earth? 38 Then the Lord (A)answered Job out of the whirlwind and said: 2 “Who is this that (B)darkens counsel by words (C)without knowledge?3 (D)Dress for action[a] like a man; I will question you, and you make it known to me. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. God does not answer Job’s “Why?” question because Job’s question, though sincere, is misguided. Job is asked whether he truly thinks he can annul God's judgment, or condemn Him so that he can be justified (cf. 28 “Has (AE)the rain a father, or who has begotten the drops of dew?29 From whose womb did (AF)the ice come forth, and who has given birth to (AG)the frost of heaven?30 The waters become hard like stone, and the face of the deep is (AH)frozen. He does not answer the main question that Job repeatedly asks: “Why am I suffering?” The closest God comes to answering it is rebuking Job for defending his own righteousness at I will question you, and you make it known to me. 10:11; Isa. [d]37 Who can number the clouds by wisdom? Job’s maturity grows as he himself becomes smaller. “Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth? Job, a pious and blameless man, is perfectly happy and contented. 8 “Or who (I)shut in the sea with doors when it burst out from the womb,9 when I made clouds its garment and (J)thick darkness its swaddling band,10 and prescribed (K)limits for it and set bars and doors,11 and said, ‘Thus far shall you come, and no farther, and here shall your (L)proud waves be stayed’? These were the questions asked and a summary of the answers given.) The Gospel Coalition supports the church by providing resources that are trusted and timely, winsome and wise, and centered on the gospel of Jesus Christ. Or who can tilt the waterskins of the heavens,38 when the dust runs into a mass and (AP)the clods stick fast together? Then the LORD: Over the previous 35 chapters (since Job 2), God has been directly absent from the account.We read nothing of God’s direct role in comforting, speaking to, or sustaining Job in the midst of his crisis. God repudiates Job for doing so. Andy Naselli on Job 38:1—42:6, from his book From Typology to Doxology: Paul’s Use of Isaiah and Job in Romans 11:34-35: Prior to God’s interrogation of Job, Job’s perception of God is too soft, too tame, too domesticated. Or who can tilt the waterskins of the heavens, Ps. But God’s questions underscore his unshakable trustworthiness as uniquely and infinitely wise, sovereign, just, and good. Can you establish their rule on the earth? But Job silences these three by showing that is no correlation in this world between righteousness and prosperity or between wickedness and suffering. Job was nowhere to be found when God laid the foundations of the earth. Job understood that God has a reason for everything although we may not understand what it is. Summary: The account of Job proclaims the sovereignty of God over all things. the expense of God’s righteousness (40:8). Job does not claim to understand why he is suffering, nor does he insist on his right to know why. . Job was a righteous man who loved and served God. Job 38 – God Speaks to Job A. Surely you know! God gives Job a theocentric view of the universe because Job cannot help viewing God’s world with himself at its center. Tell me, if you have understanding.5 Who determined its measurements—surely you know! 37:13]. Total understanding is never a requirement for total obedience. 4 “Where were you when I (E)laid the foundation of the earth? Rather, he repents of his conceited perspective about God’s justice that he expressed in the midst of his suffering. He blogs at Between Two Worlds and Evangelical History. Or who stretched the line upon it?6 On what were its bases sunk, or who laid its cornerstone,7 when the morning stars (F)sang together and all (G)the sons of God (H)shouted for joy? We concluded the series with a time of Question and Answer. He talks about creation and his purposes in creation, how he made the world, how he sustains all the different life forms there are on the planet, and he seems as though he ignores Job; and above all, he ignores the question of justice. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. By asking two series of imposing questions, God answers the question “Who is wise?” The answer is that God alone is wise. Carl Trueman on the Makers of the Modern Revolution.