This species and the Gilded Flicker are the two main architects of desert apartment houses: the holes they excavate in giant cactus are later used as nesting sites by many other birds, from flycatchers and martins to owls and kestrels. In the U.S., they range through southeastern California, southern Nevada, Arizona, and New Mexico. White. Barred black-and-white woodpecker with a tan head and belly. Desert washes, saguaros, river groves, cottonwoods, towns. Males have a red crown patch that females lack. Bald Eagle. Yes, you read that correctly. Overwhelmed and Understaffed, Our National Wildlife Refuges Need Help. The plumages of the subspecies differ only subtly. Both sexes take part in excavating. Diet includes wide variety of insects, also cactus fruit, other wild and cultivated fruit, berries of shrubs and mistletoe, nectar from flowers, seeds, small lizards, earthworms, eggs and sometimes young of smaller birds. Age at which young leave nest not well known, probably about 4 weeks; accompany parents for some time thereafter. They range through southeastern California, southern Nevada, Arizona, and New Mexico. Readily adapts to suburbs of southwestern cities. Help power unparalleled conservation work for birds across the Americas, Stay informed on important news about birds and their habitats, Receive reduced or free admission across our network of centers and sanctuaries, Access a free guide of more than 800 species of North American birds, Discover the impacts of climate change on birds and their habitats, Learn more about the birds you love through audio clips, stunning photography, and in-depth text. Nest site is a cavity excavated in giant cactus or in tree (cottonwood, willow, or large mesquite), sometimes in palm trunk. The National Audubon Society protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow, throughout the Americas using science, advocacy, education, and on-the-ground conservation. House Hunting Is a Prickly Affair in the Arizona Desert, Mayor Williams Declares 2018 the Year of the Bird in Phoenix, So, Apparently Some Woodpeckers Like to Eat the Brains of Baby Birds. They are non'migratory and live year-round in dry forests and low desert scrub typical of the Sonoran Desert. Legal Notices Privacy Policy Contact Us. Nests in holes in saguaro cacti and desert trees. It’s the least you can do. Barred black-and-white woodpecker with a tan belly and head. And there's video evidence. Zoom in to see how this species’s current range will shift, expand, and contract under increased global temperatures. A brash, noisy woodpecker of desert regions. 2-3 broods per year. Phoenix, named for a mythical bird, is home to hundreds of real bird species. Larger than a Ladder-backed Woodpecker, smaller than a Gilded Flicker. Title Gila Woodpecker Range - CWHR B297 [ds1544] Publication date 2016-02-0100:00:00 Presentation formats digital map FGDC geospatial presentation format vector digital data Other citation details These are the same layers as appear in the CWHR System software. About Gila Woodpeckers. Males have a red patch in the center of the crown. Title Gila Woodpecker Range - CWHR B297 [ds1544] Publication date 2016-02-0100:00:00 Presentation formats digital map FGDC geospatial presentation format vector digital data Other citation details These are the same layers as appear in the CWHR System software. A medium-sized woodpecker with a long, pointed bill. The Gila Woodpecker is considered to be Least Concern at this time. Displays, used largely in aggression, include exaggerated bowing and head-swinging, accompanied by loud calls. Audubon protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow. Young: Both parents feed young. They range through southeastern California, southern Nevada, Arizona, and New Mexico. Learn more about these drawings. Often eats saguaro cactus fruits. Age at which young leave nest not well known, probably about 4 weeks; accompany parents for some time thereafter. Males have a dark red crown and nape while in females, the red colour is restricted to the nape. © Anne (Webster) Leight | Macaulay Library, See more images of this species in Macaulay Library. This neat brownish woodpecker with black-and-white striped back eats insects, berries, and cactus fruit. Gila Woodpeckers are grayish brown birds with brilliant black-and-white barring on the wings, back, and tail. Males have a red crown patch. Barred black-and-white woodpecker with a tan head and belly. A brash, noisy woodpecker of desert regions. Generally in dry country, but requires suitable sites for nesting cavities: cottonwood groves along rivers, large mesquites or willows, palms, giant cactus such as saguaro or cardon. Still abundant in southern Arizona. Spread the word. Cavity usually 8-30' above ground. Also dry tropical forest in Mexico. Photo: Dick Dickinson/Audubon Photography Awards, Adult female and adult male. Lives of North American Birds. Or take action immediately with one of our current campaigns below: The Audubon Bird Guide is a free and complete field guide to more than 800 species of North American birds, right in your pocket. These holes are often used by many other cavity nesting birds that can not make their own holes. It is found across southwest US and central Mexico. Females lack the red crown patch seen on males. Illustration © David Allen Sibley. Gila Woodpecker … Males have a red crown patch. Declined seriously in California portion of range during 20th century. The Cornell Lab will send you updates about birds, birding, and opportunities to help bird conservation. This woodpecker adjusts readily to humans and is common in desert cities and suburbs. Woodpeckers(Order: Piciformes, Family:Picidae). 2-3 broods per year. Gila Woodpecker Pic des saguaros Melanerpes uropygialis Information, images and range maps on over 1,000 birds of North America, including sub-species, vagrants, introduced birds and possibilities Forages on tree trunks and cacti, in outer branches of trees or shrubs, or on ground. It is nocturnal and feeds primarily on insects. The Gila Woodpecker is a medium-sized woodpecker of the desert regions of the southwestern United States. In the U.S., they range through southeastern California, southern Nevada, Arizona, and New Mexico. One subspecies is found in the United States and south through Mexico (uropygialis), while two subspecies (brewsteri, cardonensis) are endemic to Mexico’s Baja California peninsula. Gila woodpeckers are found in the southwestern United States and western Mexico. A desert species, the Gila Woodpecker makes nest holes in Saguaro cactus, riparian trees and buildings. When seeking insects on tree trunks, generally probes or gleans at surface, rarely excavating for food. Common and conspicuous in stands of saguaro, or giant cactus, it also lives in the trees along desert rivers, and is quick to move into towns and suburbs. Photo: Howard Arndt/Audubon Photography Awards, Great Egret.