1. The verb Typical placement of the conjugated verb in position 2. Das ist die Frau, mit der ich vorgestern gesprochen habe. Let’s have a closer look at these two types of German conjunctions! Let’s start by forming two independent clauses that we can join to form a compound sentence: I we were to combine these sentences with aber (but), it would look like this: Mein Freund hat einen Hund aber ich mag Hunde nicht. But, in plain terms, simple sentences consist of an independent clause with an added capital letter at the start and a punctuation mark at the end, in most cases. This doesn’t sound natural to me at all. We’re super slow. Now, let’s hop over to the actual sentence building. The verb is always the second element in a German sentence. I our own language, we’re very quick with that. If you have enjoyed my blog posts and want to say a quick “Thank you!” this is an easy way to go about it. If you want to talk to me about reviews, collabs, jobs or anything drop me an email: Join 19,782 subscribers and get my epic newsletter whenever I post a new article :). And this is not the only solution. Simple, declarative sentences are identical in German and English: Subject, verb, other. Let’s do an example in English: That is a simple sentence. In both languages we used a function word that helps us express reason and in German we also had to do some grammar stuff to make it work. It’s time to forge into the ever-more-complex wilds of the German language. The grammar that you will use is thus the same as before. Alles gut? These type of sentences are a hybrid of the previously described sentences. A simple sentence is merely an independent clause with a single noun and verb. The following table contains the most important subordinating conjunctions that you will need: Two things that you have to note about subordinating conjunctions are: Now, let us combine a dependent and an independent clause. Lastly, there are sentences and these can be divided into simple, complex and compound sentences. 1. The combined sentence would look as follows: Note that there will always be a comma between a dependent and an independent clause. Thomas spricht nicht gut Englisch. Maria konnte nicht schlafen. German sentence structure, similar to all other languages, can be summarized or shall I say, simplified, with some rules. Thomas ist eigentlich immer pünktlich. If you want to show some love, please support me. Gerstern hat es geregnet. Let me know how it goes with your sentence writing. After a subordinate clause / conjunction, the verb goes last.Throughout this article, note that verb refers to the conjugated or finit… If you liked this post and would like to be notified when I post new content, feel free to join my mailing list. Like… Do you like this exercise? But there are some rules to follow. Your email address will not be published. the verb is moved to the last place. So, moral of the story, rather use the relative clause. Maria konnte nicht schlafen, weshalb sie schlechte Laune hat. I’m really curious for your input so let me know. If there are several verbs, the conjugated verb is placed in [POSITION 2] and the unconjugated one (an infinitive or a participle) in the [LAST POSITION] of the sentence.. Ich möchte Deutsch lernen I want to learn German Next, we get phrases. Subordinate clauses need a subordinating conjunction and relative clauses need a relative pronoun. Are you interested in complementing this with a German course in a German-speaking country? A simple main clause in German can be written with the same word order as English: Ich gab dem Jungen einen Ball. Hausaufgaben…. I will really appreciate it and keep the posts coming. Read our privacy policy for more info. Now, you are probably like… what? German Present TenseStructure of Simple German SentencesGreetings in GermanHow to Express Order in GermanHow to Do German Cases, Your email address will not be published. Earlier I mentioned that there are dependent and independent clauses, but now I have to tell you that dependent clauses can be divided between subordinate and relative clauses. Do you want more? Look at this: Das ist die Frau. Even native speakers might need a few minutes. Oh and also…  what are your thoughts in general? Like… what’s the story? It’s looong and it doesn’t really have much of a focus. d) Thomas hat eine Erkältung. With compound verbs, the second part of the verb goes last, but the conjugated part is still second. We’ll only do a couple for each level this time because it’s kind of a trial. P.S. Some additional info is crucial to the “story”, other bits are optional and we just put them in because we think they’re interesting. Here is an independent clause: … mit der ich vorgestern gesprochen habe. Apart from simple sentences, there are also compound, complex and compound-complex sentences. Apart from simple sentences, there are also compound, complex and compound-complex sentences. they change the order of the words in a sentence, i.e. Ich habe vorgestern mit ihr gesprochen. They are most often used in sentences to add description. There are two types of German conjunctions: coordinating conjunctions and subordinating conjunctions. But it’s really just the word that has this negative spin. Either way, the more additional information you cram into your sentence, the longer it becomes. The most common of these are: In German, only the first three of the five conjunctions need to be preceded by a comma, oder and und needn’t. Cool. I’m out for now. German sentences are usually \"time, manner, place.\" 4. I really like this exercise and I used to do that kind of exercise a lot myself which is why I have these killer abs today. Although both need an independent clause to be meaningful, each needs something different as well. Do you want other exercises, as well? x) Thomas macht einen Sprachkurs. 2. Here is a dependent clause: Before I combine them, I just want to show you that it is possible to make the dependent clause independent by changing the word order seeing that it is the added conjunction that. Independent clauses can stand by themselves whereas dependent clauses cannot. You can, however, add a comma before those too for added clarity. Homework is a good thing because if we want to learn a language, we need to practice. wie geht’s euch? I gave the boy a ball. Take a look at these sentences: Meine Freundin, mit den roten Haaren, mag Suppe aber ich mag Brot. Because that’s kind of what we do when we speak. Advanced German lessons, 'easy', 'medium' and 'difficult' exercises of Advanced German Lessons & Tips on new German orthography: Learning German online is a great way to build a good base of knowledge of the German language. The blog for all who want to learn German…, German Main Sentences 2 – The Beginning and the End, Although he’s at work, the incredibly beautiful Thomas, who.