[1][2] Two of the disturbances developed further over the Bay of Bengal and became cyclonic storms, while for the fifth year in a row there were no cyclonic storms over the Arabian Sea. [13], During the withdrawal phase of the south-west monsoon on October 7, the IMD reported that a depression had developed over the northern Bay of Bengal. The 1999 Odisha cyclone organized into a tropical depression in the Andaman Sea on 25 October, though its origins could be traced back to an area of convection in the Sulu Seafour days prior. India is the place in the North Indian Ocean that is most vulnerable to getting hit by tropical cyclones, from the east or from the west. [9][10][11] 250 deaths were also recorded in conjunction with this system. The Orissa cyclone in the year of 1999 was the strongest storm to hit the Indian coast and also the strongest tropical cyclones that affected India, Here is the list of strong tropical cyclones that affected India. [9] The depression subsequently moved towards the northwest and developed into a Deep Depression during November 1, before the JTWC initiated advisories on the system and designated it as Tropical Cyclone 03B early the next day. During October 31, the IMD reported that a depression had developed, out of an area of low pressure over the southern Bay of Bengal. Massive evacuation efforts were placed for this cyclone, resulting in 150,000 people leaving the coastline. [10][11][14] A search and rescue operation was launched after 350 boats and trawlers failed to return to port and 5000 fishermen failed to return to port after the system. Further details may exist on the, Tropical cyclones in India (1990–present), Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Cyclone Amphan caused an estimated $13.2 billion in damage in India's West Bengal: government source", "22 December 1964: Cyclone Dhanushkodi and its aftershock nation can't forget", "Hundreds Die as Storm Lashes An Island Off India and Ceylon; Cyclone Causes Tidal Wave—Many Hurt and Homeless—Damage Widespread (Published 1964)", "The Haunting Real-life Story of a Ghost Town Called Dhanushkodi", "India Cyclone May 1990 UNDRO Information Reports 1 - 3", "Tropical Cyclone 06B Preliminary Report", "Cyclonic storm crosses Andhra coast, claims two lives", "Wave characteristics off Visakhapatnam coast during a cyclone", "Monthly Global Tropical Cyclone Summary December 2003", "EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database for North America", "Cyclones and depressions over north Indian Ocean during 2003", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tropical_cyclones_in_India&oldid=991131701, Articles that may contain original research from October 2020, All articles that may contain original research, Articles needing cleanup from October 2020, Articles with sections that need to be turned into prose from October 2020, Articles to be expanded from October 2020, Articles needing additional references from October 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [2] At around the same time the IMD reported that the cyclone had peaked as a Super Cyclonic Storm with 3-minute sustained wind speeds of 235 km/h (145 mph). [9] 370 deaths were recorded in Bangladesh in association with this system, while a storm surge affected Chittagong and caused extensive damage to two offshore islands. [3][2][7] The system subsequently moved north-westwards and gradually weakened further, before it was last noted during May 11.[3][8]. The depression subsequently became a cyclonic storm early on May 5, before the JTWC initiated advisories on the system and designated it as Tropical Cyclone 02B later that day. [1] After the monsoon had withdrawn from India, two deep depressions and a depression were monitored as they impacted the Bay of Bengal, India and Bangladesh, while a depression was monitored over the Arabian Sea. [4] However, the cyclone warnings issued by the IMD were greatly appreciated by the Public and Government, as they helped to restrict the death to under 1000 people and prompted the state governments to evacuate a large population from coastal areas. [9] The system subsequently came under the influence of a westerly trough of low pressure and recurved towards the northeast, before it dissipated over West Bengal during October 9. The 1990 North Indian Ocean cyclone season featured a below average total of twelve cyclonic disturbances and one of the most intense tropical cyclones in the basin on record. [9] The system subsequently started to weaken later that day, as it encountered increasing upper-level wind shear associated with the mid-latitude westerlies. More than 100,000 animals were killed, and crop damage was estimated at $600 million (1990 USD). [2][9] The system subsequently dissipated over land during November 4. During the season the systems were primarily monitored by the India Meteorological Department, while other warning centres such as the United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center also monitored the area. 1999 Odisha cyclone on 29 October at its record peak intensity, as it made landfall on Odisha The list below shows the tropical cyclones that affected India since 1990. On average sixteen cyclonic disturbances and Six tropical cyclones develop during the year. This was the worst Indian cyclone since 1977. [9] During that day the system moved westwards and made landfall on the Northern Tamil Nadu and Southern Andhra Pradesh coasts before it rapidly weakened into an area of low pressure. On average, 2–3 tropical cyclones make landfall in India each year, with about one being a severe tropical cyclone or greater. [2] Strong upper-level westerlies inhibited development of the depression and brought about the rapid dissipation of the system while it was located over water during April 18. During that time, cyclones were not given any name which is why it is referred to as the AP Cyclone 1990. [13] On September 1, the remnants of Typhoon Becky crossed the coast of Bangladesh, and moved into the Indian state of West Bengal as an area of low pressure. [9] The remnants subsequently crossed the Indian Peninsular and emerged into the Arabian Sea during November 16, before they intensified into a Deep Depression during November 17. [9] The system subsequently made landfall on Bangladesh near Cox's Bazar, before it was last noted over Myanmar by the JTWC during December 19. [2] During that day the system started to rapidly organise itself as it moved northwards, which prompted the JTWC to issue a tropical cyclone formation alert on the system. The all-time 24-hour rainfall records for most cities in Andhra Pradesh can be attributed to this cyclone. [12] Early on December 17, the IMD reported that the system had peaked as a Severe Cyclonic Storm with 3-minute wind speeds of 100 km/h (65 mph). [9][12] The system caused some deaths and damages in both Bangladesh and Myanmar. [9] Over the next day the system moved north-westwards and gradually developed into a cyclonic storm, as the JTWC initiated advisories on the depression and assigned it the designation Tropical Cyclone 04B. [9][2] The system subsequently continued to intensify, as it recurved and moved through a break in the subtropical ridge of high pressure. The intensity of the cyclone killed more than 10,000 people, caused severe economic devastation, and activated the Orissa Relief Code (the then sole disaster policy document for the state). Cyclone Maarutha – 2017 Gujarat Cyclone – 2015 Cyclone Viyaru – 2013 Cyclone Laila – 2010 Cyclone Bijli – 2009 Cyclone Nisha – 2008 Machilipatnam Cyclone – 1990 [5][6], On May 4, the IMD reported that a tropical depression had developed over the Bay of Bengal, about 600 km (375 mi) to the southeast of Chennai, India. The disturbance gradually strengthened as it took a west-northwesterly path, reaching cyclonic storm strength the next d… [13] The depression subsequently continued to move west-northwest as a land depression, before it dissipated over Madhya Pradesh during August 17. [7][2] Late on December 16, the JTWC reported that the cyclone had peaked as a tropical storm, with 1-minute wind speeds of 85 km/h (50 mph).